A nice little TCP/IP stack for IBM compatible PCs
Current version: May 23rd, 2013
We interrupt the loading of this web page for an important announcement ...
A web server built using mTCP is available for beta testing. See here: HTTPServ
mTCP should run on all variants of DOS including IBM PC-DOS, Microsoft MS-DOS, DR-DOS and FreeDOS. All of these applications will run well on the oldest, slowest PC you can find. I routinely use them on an IBM PCjr dating back to 1983 because nothing beats the fun of putting a 30+ year old computer on the Internet. An early laptop, the IBM 5140 Convertible is pictured to the right.
People are using mTCP for goofing off and for real work. If you have a DOS machine that needs to send data across the network mTCP can help you get that done. Besides its utility to vintage computers I have heard of people using it to transfer lab data from dedicated industrial PCs, allowing backups to be run on old machines, and sending sales reports from the branch offices of a retail store to a central server.
Don't have a vintage computer laying around? No problem! mTCP applications will run in a variety of virtual and emulated environments. It has been tested with DOSBox, SwsVpkt, VirtualBox and VMWare. See "Using mTCP in Virtual Environments" for details.
mTCP applications should work on any personal computer running DOS. To be more specific:
My personal testing includes:
A more comprehensive list of machines and network cards known to work with mTCP can be found here: http://code.google.com/p/mtcp/wiki/TestedMachines
mTCP is hosted by Google Code. There are other sites that mirror mTCP but only Google Code is guaranteed to have the latest version.
Three files are available at http://code.google.com/p/mtcp/downloads/list
|Standard binaries||The mTCP applications and user documentation|
|UPX compressed binaries||The same mTCP applications and user documentation as above, but compressed to take less space on disk. These are useful for systems without a hard drive.|
|Source code||The source code to mTCP with design documentation and notes|
Interested in seeing the source code that lets you talk directly to a packet driver? I have taken the lowest layer of the mTCP code and packaged it with a sample application that shows you how to interface a C program with the software interrupt mechanism used by packet drivers. Check it out here: mTCP_tcpacket.html
mTCP is a hobby project that I made available as open source in 2011. The license is GPLv3. While it is only a hobby project, I take pride in my work. If you have a comment, bug, or suggestion for a feature please email me at mbbrutman at gmail.com. I might ask for further information or a trace from the program you are having trouble with. Your bug reports help me make mTCP better for everybody else.
Google code also provides a more formal issue tracking system at http://code.google.com/p/mtcp/issues/list .
All of the applications use the mTCP TCP/IP library which is designed for high performance even on small, slower machines. The code is written in a combination of C++ and assembler. The style of coding is more like "C with classes" to improve the structure of the code with assembler being used in limited areas to improve the performance. The source code is open source and fairly well commented. You can look at it as a framework for writing TCP/IP applications for DOS, complete with plenty of examples.
Features include ARP, UDP, DNS, IP fragments, listen and accept calls for server applications, configurable buffer sizes, automatic retransmit using Karne's algorithm, and run-time switchable tracing for helping you debug. Features may be compiled in or out as needed so that you can minimize the overhead of the TCP/IP library and include only the features that you need. mTCP does not use floating point operations, avoiding the code bloat of the floating point emulation library.
mTCP is designed to be robust. DOS is a challenging environment to work in because quite frankly, it is not much of an operating system. mTCP attempts to minimize problems by using defensive programming techniques. Not every programming error can be prevented, but the library tries to help you where it can. For example, to prevent fragmentation in the DOS heap mTCP generally preallocates pools of objects and manages the objects instead of repeatedly allocating and freeing memory using the DOS heap. The FTP server and the IRC client have been demonstrated to run for days without leaking memory or crashing the machine.
High performance is a key feature of mTCP. The library is written to avoid excess memory copying wherever possible. Assembler is used on some code for both performance and to avoid making expensive library calls that will just invoke BIOS or DOS routines anyway. For the ultimate in performance you can choose to handle raw packets directly in your application layer code, or you can use higher level "send" and "recv" type calls instead. The ability to adjust buffer sizes allows you to balance speed versus memory footprint. Want to see how fast mTCP is? Here are some performance measurements for FTP and for raw socket performance: mTCP Performance notes
mTCP is only available as a library that you link with your application. A TSR version that can be used by software interrupt is not available. While a TSR version would allow more programming environments access to TCP/IP services, it is a much more difficult environment to work in and debug. Performance would also suffer too. It would be an interesting project though - if you want to collaborate on the design for a TSR version of mTCP please contact me.
(For a TCP/IP stack that loads as a TSR see Trumpet by Peter Tattam. Trumpet can usually be found by searching for TCPDRV or NTCPDRV. WATTCP is an older, more widespread TCP/IP stack that can be used as an alternative to mTCP. Neither Trumpet or WATTCP are actively maintained.)
mTCP is developed using Open Watcom, an open source tool chain that supports C, C++, and assembler. Open Watcom is flexible and generates reasonably optimized code. Open Watcom also runs under modern environments such as Windows and Linux so you can develop in the environment of your choice while still generating 16 bit DOS executables. Open Watcom is regularly updated; mTCP is using version 1.9 which was released in June 2010. Porting to other environments such as Borland Turbo C++ for DOS is possible without too much pain. (mTCP originally started with Borland Turbo C++ for DOS.)